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ISSN : 2233-6710(Print)
ISSN : 2384-2121(Online)
Journal of Asia Pacific Counseling Vol.13 No.1 pp.1-14

International Counseling Student Leadership Development Framework: Exploration Acculturation Systemic Expansion (EASE)

Yiying Xiong1, Anita Young2
1School of Education, Johns Hopkins University
Corresponding Author
Yiying Xiong Correspondence concerning this article should be addressed to Yiying Xiong, 2800 N Charles Street, Baltimore, MD 21218, USA.


With the increase in number of international students enrolled in U.S. counseling programs and emphasis on leadership development in the counseling profession, it is imperative to assist international counseling students in defining and developing leadership capacity. To do so, we propose a leadership framework, Exploration Acculturation Systemic Expansion (EASE), to expose and develop international students’ cross-cultural leadership capacity. Examples are provided to demonstrate how to foster international counseling students’ leadership skills. Implications for counseling programs and international students are discussed.