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ISSN : 2233-6710(Print)
ISSN : 2384-2121(Online)
Journal of Asia Pacific Counseling Vol.1 No.2 pp.139-150

From a Homogeneous Culture to a Heterogeneous Society: Implications of Multicultural School Counseling for Children and Adolescents

Hyun-Jong Song, Young-Shin Kang

Chonnam National University
Received April 30, 2011, Revision received July 16, 2011, Accepted July 27, 2011


The multicultural population of South Korea is growing rapidly and has been projected to reach 20% of the national studentbody by 2020. Although cultural diversity imparts a social richness that should be recognized and celebrated, culturaldifferences substantially determine new patterns observed in school settings and may present certain challenges for schoolcounselors. However, there is a paucity of multicultural research in South Korea despite increasing interests in conductingculturally sensitive research. Based on previous studies in the US and South Korea, five major counseling issues in the SouthKorean school system were reviewed and intervention strategies for each issue were discussed. The issues include identity andacculturation-related stresses, language problems and learning delays, peer relationship difficulties, psychological adjustment,and family issues. For future research and public policy-making, several suggestions were outlined.